The location of Castelsardo on a rocky headland on the northern coastline of Sardinia is very picturesque. The town was built in the 12th century and the city walls and the castle date back to this time.
It is a quaint little town with narrow cobbled streets and a well maintained cathedral from the 16th century when the town was under Aragon rule. The Aragon style of this period can be clearly seen in the architecture of the church tower.
Other attractions include the castle dei Doria and the stone that nature shaped like an elephant. Castelsardo was most recently named one of 'I Borghi più belli d'Italia', an award which is designated to a selected handful of small medieval towns around Italy. This signifies that the town has great historic and artistic value to the country.
The city remained a prosperous city until it was ravaged by the plague at the beginning of the 19th Century. During more recent decades, Castelsardo has fared quite well due to tourism and the fishing industry. It is also famous for it's handicrafts, namely the production of traditional wicker baskets in all sorts of colors. There is a museum in the town that exhibits the area's traditional basketry.